The life-long lover of Louis XIV's brother, the openly homosexual Monsieur, the Chevalier de Lorraine had a powerful hold over his lover.
Arrested for sodomy in Germany, composer Johann Rosenmüller escaped and ended up in Venice, where his music in the Italian style made its way back to Germany and greatly influenced other composers.
Known at La Monja Alférez - the lieutenant nun - 17th century soldier Catalina de Erauso fought as a man for the King of Spain in South America for 15 years. She eventually became famous for her ruse, getting a pension and the right to wear men's clothes.
The Abbess of the Convent of the Mother of God in Pescia in 17th century Italy, Sister Benedetta Carlini's sexual affair with Sister Bartolemea ended in 35 years of solitary confinement.
Nanshoku Okagami - The Great Mirror of Male Love - written in 1687 is a collection of stories about the love between samurai and their pages, kabuki actors and their patrons, reflecting a long tradition of homosexuality in Japan.
Gian Gastone, the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, spent his days in bed with a flock of handsome naked men and boys of the street. The line ended with him, surprisingly.